Many architectural heritages look back at a long and complex history. For example, during the colonial history, the old town of Malacca had been changed in particular by the Portuguese and by the Dutch.
These spatio-temporal changes of buildings and other built in structures as well as man-made environmental modifications are documented in cartographic works (maps and map like illustrations), old paintings and drawings, as well as historical documents such as books, diaries, treaties, letters and charters.
They involve not only changes of building geometries, but also semantic alterations as property owner, building usage, etc. But how can we make this information adequately understandable by the general public? A visual 3D representation of such evolving information can be one of the most appropriate and effective methods to communicate this history.
This talk by Dr Stefan Peters will highlight 3D modeling and reconstruction approaches for spatial heritages, choosing roman cities (Noma, Neapel, Nemi) and the historical town of Malacca as study cases. A special focus will be on procedural modeling, 3D cartographic web rendering, reconstruction uncertainty, and geocoded images in 3D. The presentation demonstrates technical perspectives and limitations.
About the Speaker:
Holding a PhD in Cartography, a Diploma Engineering Degree in Geodesy and Geoinformation, and a professional ‘Surveying and Catastre’ training certificate, Stefan Peters has a strong educational background in geographic data acquisition, geodata modelling, database management, data analysis, information retrieval, and cartographic visualization including web mapping.
With over 15 years of working experience in the field of Geomatics and Geoinformatics, specialising in geospatial data analysis and visualization, he has actively participated in various projects related to geological, land cover, land use, atmospheric and climate applications.
Dr Peters was Senior Lecturer at the Department of Geoinformation at the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) until May 2016. Prior to that, he was a Research Associate at the Department of Cartography at the Technische Universität München (TUM) for more than six years where he was involved in several diverse GIS and Mapping projects as well as research activities. In addition to his teaching responsibilitieshe hwas coordinated and supervised a project related to an excavation in Italy including geodata acquisition, GIS-modelling, visualization of archaeological findings, and the 3D visual reconstruction of antique assemblies.
The discovery of these old batu nisan in the vicinity of Masjid Jamek is incredibly exciting as it is clear, tangible and unarguable evidence of the historical timeline of the development of this city and its early Muslim settlement at the trading post which is now this modern metropolis. The fact that several other type of artefacts such as ceramic bowls, glass and other items have also been found makes it even more imperative that a proper and systematic methodology for detailed mapping of the ground below in the whole area surrounding the mosque be undertaken immediately, before the area is disturbed further. Publicly sharing all such recording and documentation by historians and archaeologists will provide a rich picture of the social and cultural lifestyle of these early settlers and ultimately help create a better understanding and appreciation of the many different people and communities which were the backbone on which this city was founded.
Whether the batu nisan were found is within or outside of the boundary of the gazetted National Heritage Site of Masjid Jamek, should not be an impediment because the National Heritage Act 2005 gives the Heritage Commissioner the authority to stop work if it is deemed that items of national heritage significance will lost or negatively affected by this work. The area where the batu nisan have been found is definitely within the larger historic enclave where the majority buildings have been gazetted on the National Heritage Register.
While completing a new water fountain feature within the River of Life project is clearly important to the aspirations of the city’s authorities, a comprehensive multi-disciplinary study of this site is even more important to the city and its citizens. In many parts of the world, showcasing historical and archaeological investigations at such urban sites provide a “crowd-pulling” platform for locals and visitors alike. Cordoning off this area will more than anything likely enhance the attraction of the site and its surrounds.
Badan Warisan Malaysia hopes that the National Heritage Department will step up to the mark and lead in this research to ensure that the heritage value of this site is given its due recognition.
This presentation aims to share the experiences and know-how of deploying new technological tools and techniques in measuring 3D geometrical properties or metric information of heritage buildings in a more complete, accurate and speedy way.
Emerging technologies like terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and digital photogrammetry will be discussed in the aspect of equipment, measurement accuracy, software solutions and implementation techniques. The session will also highlight how these technologies have revolutionised the visualization and accurate cum enduring documentation of heritage buildings.
The presentation will be demonstrated with real-life project execution methodologies and deliverables encompassing as-built drawings (façade, floor layout & section), point-cloud dataset, 3D mesh model, photo-realistic fly-thru and real-time 3D measurements in the virtual environment.
Lai Jiun Shyong
Graduated with a bachelor degree in land surveying from University of Technology Malaysia (UTM), Lai Jiun Shyong devoted most of his career life to the field of GIS and software development. He is a registered land surveyor with the Land Surveyors Board Malaysia and currently working as the Senior Technology Officer with Jurukur Perunding Services Sdn. Bhd.
Founded on the confluence of two rivers, modern Kuala Lumpur has survived floods, fires and uprisings to become one of South East Asia’s most vibrant cities.
In Shaping Kuala Lumpur, award-winning, internationally acknowledged and eminent architect and urban planner Dato’ Ar. Hajeedar Majid shares his experiences on how different events, policies and programmes have helped shape the development of Kuala Lumpur in its first two decades as Federal Territory.
Shaping Kuala Lumpur also features planner, Ahmad Jefri Clyde. He has over 40 years of experience in the field of urban planning and architectural design, and has lived and worked in Malaysia since 1981. Dato’ Ar. Hajeedar and Ahmad Jefri will discuss place making and urban planning and how Kuala Lumpur measures up to these tenets for a sustainable and inclusive city.
BIOGRAPHY OF SPEAKERS
Dato’ Ar. Haji Hajeedar Abdul Majid
Dato’ Ar. Haji Hajeedar Abdul Majid, a graduate of Portsmouth Polytechnic, United Kingdom in 1972 in Architecture, started his architectural profession in Brighton, U.K before joining Urban Development Authority (UDA) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia as Architect and ending as Deputy Director.
Dato’ Ar. Hajeedar established his firm, Hajeedar and Associates Sdn. Bhd in 1978 in Kuala Lumpur, and has successfully tackled several challenging building projects from mosques, conservation of historical buildings, institutions and commercial projects.
Dato’ Hajeedar’s contributed to the inclusion of a conservation chapter in Kuala Lumpur 1st Structure Plan; his conservation and restoration works on Industrial Courts, Infokraf Centre, Kuala Lumpur Museum; conservation and re-adaptation work on Carcosa Seri Negara, commercial projects such as the high rise office buildings for Development Bank, MNI Twin Tower, Telekom Regional Office, PNB Service Apartments and the Tabung Haji Building in Ipoh. Religious projects include the Abu Bakar As –Siddiq mosque in Bangsar, the IIUM Mosque in the Gombak Campus; the SAAS mosque in Petaling Jaya, Putrajaya Musollas in Precinct 8 and 9 and Islamic Centre and National Mosque in Republic of Maldives.
Dato’ Ar. Hajeedar is an active member of the Institute of Malaysian Architects (PAM), he was President of PAM (1985-87), he was also involved in the initiative for Aga Khan Foundation For Islamic Architecture in 1980 and the Architect advisor to Kuala Lumpur City Hall for 11 years. For his conservation and restoration works, he was awarded the Penguin Prize by the Norwegian Government in 1985. He has been conferred Datukship from Selangor (2009) & Negeri Sembilan (2015) and received the PAM Gold Medal Award in 2012.
Ahmad Jefri Clyde
Ahmad Jefri Clyde received his Bachelor of Economics from the University of Queensland, Australia. He started his profession at the Department of Trade & Industry, Australia in 1972. His first stint in Malaysia was Daya Bina Akitek Sdn.Bhd. After 7 years, Ahmad joined Country Heights Sdn. Bhd as Technical Manager before becoming Principal for AJC Planning Consultants. He is currently Director for AJC Planning Consultants Sdn.Bhd since 2002.
Ahmad Jefri has received numerous awards for his contribution to town planning, such as the FIABCI Award for Residential Development in 1992, the FIABCI Award for Planning, Urban Redevelopment, Rehabilitation & Conservation in 2003, the Negeri Sembilan Town & Country Planning Award for Best Planned Neighbourhood and the MIP Award for Best Planned Housing Scheme for the Bukit Jelutong Township in Shah Alam.
He is currently a member of the Planning Institute of Australia and the Corporate Member of the Malaysian Institute of Planners. Ahmad Jefri also became a member of the Board of Town Planners in Malaysia in 2000.
THIS KUL CITY is back and this time, its a BATTLE!
Come watch Victorian Chacko Vadaketh and Johanian Zahim Albakri make their case for their alma mater!
If you are a Johanian or a Victorian, come show your support!
#SJIvsVI #heritagebattle #thiskulcity
Badan Warisan Malaysia held its 32nd AGM on 22 Dec 2015. Here’s the line-up of our new council!
President: Elizabeth Cardosa
Vice President: Ar. Helena Hashim
Honorary Secretary: Lim Ee Lin
Honorary Treasurer: Ishak Ariffin
Council Members: Liz Tajuddin, Dato’ Zahim Albakri, Ar. Lim Take Bane, Suridah Jalaluddin, Md Nazri Mohd Noordin, Abd. Razak Abu Bakar, Maganjeet Kaur
Honorary Council Members: Dato’ Henry Barlow, Johan Razak, Lee Jia Ping, Mariana Isa
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT
It’s still January, and with the Lunar New Year coming up in a couple of weeks, it’s timely to wish you Happy New Year. I should begin by thanking all our members and friends of heritage; we deeply appreciate you continued support and dedication towards our events and programmes through the past year.
It’s really edifying to see how heritage is increasingly visible and appreciated by the general public. From our programmes alone, we have seen a substantial rise in the active engagement of so many members and friends. THIS KUL CITY programme brought a new energy into our work, and drew upon a much wider audience. We developed new alliances with like minded people and organisations such as ICOMOS Malaysia, Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS) and the Malaysian Heritage and History (Facebook) Club (MHHC), and collectively, this has contributed to growing our social media presence.
So what will 2016 be like for cultural heritage conservation? Waveney Jenkins, one of our founder members, recently asked me whether it would be less stressful being at the top of the tree (as President), rather than the main motor (as Executive Director) of Badan Warisan. I approach my appointment as President with a great deal of trepidation, tinged with excitement but with an overwhelming sense of the great responsibility which I have taken on.
This year the new Council will be focussing on two major tasks. The first is to secure a permanent home, or at the very least, a long-term home, as our heritage centre. We will also be working to strengthen our financial position and plans are afoot to hold another Heritage KUL Ball in the second half of this year. The Secretariat will focus on delivering another year of exciting events with more discovery walks and talks, and at the same time, to promote our excellent, but unsung Chen Voon Fee Resource Centre (CVFRC), which carries an invaluable collection of materials relevant to Malaysia’s heritage preservation and conservation.
I hope you will join Badan Warisan in discovering the many special heritage places and stories here.
We’re BACK ON AGAIN!
This time the walk is scheduled for SATURDAY, 5 DECEMBER 2015
Starting Point: Bangunan Sultan Abdul Samad
Time: 8.00am – 12.00noon
Come dressed comfortably, wear your hats, umbrellas and comfortable shoes. It’s going to be a wonderful morning exploring the city!
Dear members, friends and supporters of Badan Warisan Malaysia,
The health and safety of all our participants for THIS KUL CITY: DISCOVER KWALA LUMPUR remains our top priority. We have been monitoring the haze levels and hoping that the haze would reduce but unfortunately, it has reached unhealthy levels.
Therefore, Badan Warisan Malaysia together with our co-organizers regret to announce that we will be postponing this discovery walk and all BWM outdoor activities and programmes temporarily.
This decision is further enforced with the recent news on the health warning of typhoid by the Ministry of Health Malaysia.
We appreciate the support shown by all members, friends and supporters of Badan Warisan Malaysia and we would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused.
Badan Warisan Malaysia
The roof repair works at no.58 Rope Walk or Jalan Pintal Tali in Penang is in plain sight for all to see. And I am rather proud of the end result because of how it will contribute to the critical discussion on appropriate conservation approaches, choices and forms of interpretation being offered to shophouse owners in Penang.
When I decided to repair the roof of my grandfather’s shophouse, I applied the principles of replacing like for like in respect of the heritage fabric and of maintaining the layers of history as found. What you see today is exactly the way it was when the Control of Rent Act was promulgated after World War II. There have been no material changes since then as the implementation of rent control literally discouraged all owners of tenanted buildings from spending money on maintaining their properties.
The contractor who installed the roof chose to create two cemented strips as permanent hard bases in the direction of the roof slope. A worker needing to replace a broken tile or adjust a displaced tile could lay a timber plank transversely across the roof on top of the cement strips and use it as a working platform without endangering the tiles. For all I know, it could have been my grandfather’s suggestion for he was an innovative and yet practical man who had come to Malaya from China as a young boy and who eventually developed the town of Lunas in Kedah.
And I also recall very vividly, when I was growing up, witnessing my father’s contractors securing the end tiles at the fascia of shophouses with cement, as was the case with many shophouses in town. Lime was otherwise freely used in other works like plastering of walls and mortar for brickwork.
The simple exercise of repairing a roof has thrown up several positives. One, it has allowed me to step back in time to “converse” with my grandfather and to personalize the architectural and social history of the place. And for me this is one of the most meaningful reasons for conservation because there is a story to tell, of making the past come alive in the present.
Two, it invites us to question whether our city fathers should continue to promote the purist, prescriptive, Eurocentric conservation approach or whether we should be leaning more towards what is being offered by the Hoi An Protocols 2005, a UNESCO document which I contributed to. The Protocols contain the following points:-
- In Asia, the structuralist analytical approach towards assessing significance and maintaining authenticity that is characteristic of Western conservation practice needs to be nuanced by the metaphysical concepts which prefigure the construction of space throughout the Asia region. It should also be tempered by the region’s time-honoured traditions of practice.
- Conservation practitioners should not over-emphasize the authenticity of the materials or physical substance of a resource to the extent that they overlook other equally or even more important dimensions of authenticity.
In terms of authenticity, the Nara Document on Authenticity 1994, Clause 11, states:-
All judgements about values attributed to cultural properties as well as the credibility of related information sources may differ from culture to culture, and even within the same culture. It is thus not possible to base judgements of values and authenticity within fixed criteria. On the contrary, the respect due to all cultures requires that heritage properties must be considered and judged within the cultural contexts to which they belong.
As a corollary to the ideals and principles stated in the Document, Herb Stovel (deceased), one of its authors, suggested that respect for cultural and heritage diversity requires conscious efforts to avoid imposing mechanistic formulae or standardized procedures in attempting to define or determine the authenticity of particular monuments and sites.
Last but not least, I am reminded of earlier efforts by Badan Warisan to formulate conservation principles that reflect Malaysian values based on the premises mentioned in the preceding paragraphs. It appears timely for us to revisit the material in our archives and to embark on a project to deliver what we once called the Stonor Principles, named after the location of our present heritage centre. China has its China Principles. Australia created the Burra Charter. The conservation of Malaysian heritage should be guided by local observations, experiences, traditions and wisdom.
Laurence Loh, Badan Warisan Malaysia
Google, Wikipedia, Yahoo Answers. I love them, such great tools. It’s become so easy to become an authority on any subject nowadays; anyone can be an expert on anything. With Melaka and George Town’s inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List, it’s like, suddenly, everyone is a conservation architect/expert. I have found, in my limited experience of being involved in a handful of international award winning restoration projects, that when the project team endeavours to consider a range of conservation approaches which are based not only on the multitude of documents outlining principles and standards which we should aspire towards, but also on collective experiences and practices, that the outcome is “right” and stands up to the test of time.
Let’s consider the debate of lime vs cement. Experts will loudly chant the mantra “lime good, cement bad”. Nothing wrong with that in many instances, but then, not always right. Add in another mantra – “replace like for like”. Then what happens when the heritage fabric is not lime? Do we replace with lime and then we can easily put a tick against the “right” box? Or should we instead acknowledge that conservation is possibly more complex and there are probably several other issues which affect the authenticity of the place? I will desist from going on….Just to say thought that I liken this to walking a tightrope between what is the more accepted standard – a somewhat prescriptive “Western” conservation approach – and our (Asia’s) longer traditions of cultural practice and context.
So, next time, before jumping on whichever band wagon catches your fancy, guns blazing, shooting off your “expert” opinion, you may want to #getyourfactsright. It could save you a little embarrassment.
Elizabeth Cardosa, Badan Warisan Malaysia
Who would’ve thought that a simple evening listening to a talk on patriotic songs would evoke strong emotions of love, respect and pride for my country? I personally never thought I’d feel this way.
I was part of the audience of about 50 guests who attended Datin Saidah Rastam’s talk entitled Jangan Putih Mata at Badan Warisan Malaysia’s Heritage Center on Sunday, 16 August 2015.
In all honesty, I probably would not have attended this talk if I was not working for Badan Warisan Malaysia. I guess I can consider this the ‘perks’ of the job.
The evening began with a short introduction of Datin Saidah Rastam by Elizabeth Cardosa, the Executive Director.
Datin Saidah Rastam is a composer who has written music for theatre, film dance and TV, for gamelan, martial artists, choral groups, Chinese opera singers, orchestras and electronica. A show she created last year, Malam Terang Bulan, for singers and orchestra and featuring Dato’ Zahim Albakri and Chacko Vadaketh, will be restaged at the Dewan Filharmonik Petronas in November 2015. Her book Rosalie and Other Love Songs was published by Khazanah Nasional Berhad as part of a preservation project on Malayan music, recordings, manuscripts and oral history.
Datin Saidah spoke about various topics concerning patriotic music from the iconic Malaysian composers and producers, the history of our national anthem, the Negaraku and her research for the book Rosalie.
One particular point that I related to was when Datin Saidah mentioned works done by artists of my generation, citing examples like Namewee and Najwa Mahiaddin.While they may not sound like your average patriotic songs, the lyrics showcase a love for the nation, hope for a better tomorrow and calls for unity- which got me thinking about Ella’s song-‘Standing in the Eyes of the World’ for the 98′ Commonwealth Games.
I was in awe- firstly because the audience remembered these songs and secondly, for the energy that radiated from them. It was inspiring, moving, energetic and full of pride for this country and its people.
I can’t say I’m looking forward to celebrating the independence of our country with a renewed sense of patriotism, but I do have to admit that this talk has certainly given me a new perspective on the different kinds of personalities that were part of building our nation- stuff that you probably would not find in your Buku Sejarah sekolah.